The new Anzac Commemorative Site at North Beach, Gallipoli, was dedicated at the Dawn Service on 25 April 2000 in the presence of the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand. The North Beach area, and the ranges beyond leading up to the heights of Chunuk Bair, was one of the storm centres of an area that became known as 'Anzac' from the landing in April until the evacuation of December 1915. Australians came ashore here at dawn on 25 April; New Zealanders developed and held the trenches of Walker's Ridge and Russell's Top above the beach; Maori soldiers helped build the famous 'Long Sap' which ran from Anzac Cove to the New Zealand positions at the Outposts above Fisherman's Hut; Australian, British, Indian and Gurkha soldiers left from here at the start of the 'August offensive' on their night march of 6-7 August; through the 'Long Sap' streamed the wounded from that offensive heading for the medical posts of Anzac Cove; in September and November 1915 the area was developed as the principal supply base for the coming winter; and from the piers and embarkation points of North Beach thousands of men left Anzac at the evacuation.
This booklet has been produced to assist visitors to the Anzac Commemorative Site to understand more fully the significance of the area. In particular, the sample of the drawings of Major Leslie Hore reproduced here help to convey the impact which the sights and scenes of this part of Anzac made on one thoughtful and sensitive soldier. Hore's work, together with an article specially prepared for this booklet by Dr Richard Reid, historian, Department of Veterans' Affairs, brings to life the reality of the Gallipoli campaign in a way that has not previously been attempted. Hore's art has lain largely unseen in the Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales for over 80 years and is reproduced here with permission of the State Library of New South Wales.
It is fitting that this Anzac commemorative booklet should first be published in 2001, so closely are the events of the Gallipoli campaign linked with our early development as a nation. With the agreement of the National Council for the Centenary of Federation, it serves therefore to further promote Australia's Centenary of Federation.
AVM G.J.J. Beck AO (Retd)
Office of Australian War Graves
Department of Veterans' Affairs