Glossary of terms

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A
Admiralty

a government department responsible for the command of the Royal Navy in the Kingdom of Great Britain, from 1801 to 1964, the United Kingdom and former British Empire

Allies

in World War I, the powers of the Triple Entente (France, Russia and the UK) together with the nations allied with them; in World War II the countries that fought against the Axis

amputation

to surgically cut all or part of an arm or leg because it's seriously injured or diseased

anglicise

to change something so that it resembles or becomes part of the English culture or language

Anglo-Celtic

an inhabitant of Australia who was or whose ancestors were born in the British Isles

anti-Semitism

hostility to and prejudice against Jewish people.

Anzacs

the soldiers serving with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC)

armistice

an agreement between opposing governments or military forces to suspend conflict and discuss peace terms; a truce

armour

tanks and other armoured military vehicles used in battle

arms race

a situation in which two countries or groups of countries are continually trying to get more and better weapons than each other

artillery

large, powerful guns that are transported on wheels and used by an army, or the section of an army trained to use large, powerful guns - also 'artillerymen or gunners'

assault

a strong attack made on an area held by the enemy

Axis, the

in World War II, the alliance of Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Japan

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