Glossary of terms

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W
View all

a government department responsible for the command of the Royal Navy in the Kingdom of Great Britain, from 1801 to 1964, the United Kingdom and former British Empire


a military attack involving aircraft


in World War I, the powers of the Triple Entente (France, Russia and the UK) together with the nations allied with them; in World War II the countries that fought against the Axis


to surgically cut all or part of an arm or leg because it's seriously injured or diseased


to change something so that it resembles or becomes part of the English culture or language


an inhabitant of Australia who was or whose ancestors were born in the British Isles


To seize and take control of land or another country


hostility to and prejudice against Jewish people.

Anzac spirit

the spirit of courage, endurance, and self-sacrifice thought to be typical of the Australian soldiers during the Gallipoli Campaign


the soldiers serving with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC)


an agreement between opposing governments or military forces to suspend conflict and discuss peace terms; a truce


tanks and other armoured military vehicles used in battle

arms race

a situation in which two countries or groups of countries are continually trying to get more and better weapons than each other


large, powerful guns that are transported on wheels and used by an army, or the section of an army trained to use large, powerful guns - also 'artillerymen or gunners'


a strong attack made on an area held by the enemy

Axis, the

in World War II, the alliance of Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Japan