Interview Lance Corporal Arthur Law [Lance Corporal Arthur Law, 1RAR, Australians at War Film Archive, Interview No.1434]

Lance Corporal Arthur Law, 1RAR, describes his reaction to news that he was to be among the first Australian troops sent to Vietnam and the briefings he received before departing

He served in Vietnam from 27 May 1965 until 2 April 1966.

Trial of Sergeant Major Sugino, Labuan. [AWM F07405]

The trial of Japanese Sergeant Major Sugino was held at HQ 9th Australian Division on 3 December 1945. He was charged with 'having caused to be killed 46 Australian, British and Indian POWs at Miri in Borneo on 10 June 1945'. He was found guilty and sentenced to death.

Identification of Japanese War Criminals at Rabaul. [AWM F07362]

An identification parade of alleged war criminals at the Indian POW camp near Rabaul on 15 November 1945. Charges ranged from murder, cannibalism and rape to general ill treatment. Former POWs walked up and down the ranks of Japanese prisoners identifying the man connected with their particular case. Here Japanese POW Colonel Takaya is being photographed.

POWs liberated. [AWM F01244]

Allied POWs in Keijo camp included about 40 Australians who were captured in Singapore. The POWs were liberated by US forces on 9 September 1945.

American forces liberate South Korea. [AWM F01244]

Jubiliant Koreans welcome US troops entering Keijo (now Seoul) on 9 September 1945. The surrender ceremony held in the throne room of the Government House building in Keijo ended forty years of Japanese domination in Korea. The American representatives, Major-General JR Hodge and Admiral TC Kinkaid who signed on behalf of the allies, sat with their staff officers opposite the Japanese signatories. On the Japanese side of the table were the Japanese Governor General of Korea, Nobiuki Abe; the Japanese Army Commander in Korea,Yoshio Sozuki and the Japanese Naval Officer commanding Imperial naval forces in Korea, Gisaburo Yamagughi.

'In Occupied Japan' – attendees of the ceremony. [AWM F10003]

'In Occupied Japan' – the Surrender Ceremony. [AWM F10003]

'In Occupied Japan' – the preliminary setup for the Surrender Ceremony. [AWM F10003]

'In Occupied Japan' – entering Yokohama. [AWM F10003]

'In Occupied Japan' – initial contact in Japan. [AWM F10003]

Surrender on HMS Glory. [F07301]

On 6 September 1945, Japanese General Imamura and Vice Admiral Kusaka embarked on the aircraft carrier HMS Glory, riding in St George’s Channel between New Britain and New Ireland. Later that day a ceremony was held on the flight deck of the carrier and the two Japanese officers signed a surrender document surrendering approximately 139,000 Japanese to Lieutenant General Vernon Sturdee, General Officer Commanding 1st Australian Army.

Surrender leaflets on Amboina. [AWM F01625]

The Far East Liaison Office (FELO) printed English and Japanese language leaflets to inform the Japanese troops on Ambon of the surrender terms and the procedures for the liberation of the Allied POWs. The leaflets were dropped over the Ambon area where a large number of Australian prisoners had been captured by the Japanese.

Atom Bomb Damage, Hiroshima. [AWM F07489]

The atom bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima exploded at 8.15 am on 6 August 1945. The bomb destroyed about 60% of the city.

VE Day service. [AWM F01439]

A thanksgiving service to commemorate the end of the war in Europe was held at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra on 9 May 1945. The service was attended by the Governor-General of Australia, his Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester, and the Duchess of Gloucester, representatives from Allied embassies, the Australian War Memorial, clergymen and the general public.

The dedication ceremony at the Labuan War Cemetery. [AWM F07410]

Refugees on Labuan Island.

The fighting on Labuan Island off North West Borneo displaced many of the local residents. They were not only homeless but many were malnourished and in appalling health by August 1945 when the Japanese surrendered. [AWM F07227]

The dedication and commemoration service at the Australian War Cemetery, Balikpapan, 2 December 1945.

The service was attended by representatives of all units of the 7th Australian Division. [AWM F07402]

Identification of Japanese War Criminals. [AWM F07378]

Identification of Japanese War Criminals: Liberated Indian POWs identify Japanese personnel who have committed crimes against them whilst they were held captive. As each Indian indicated a prisoner he checked the identity of the man on a board displaying more than a hundred photos of suspected war criminals. 9 November 1945.

Release of Indian POWs. [AWM F01689]

On 1 September 1945, five Japanese barges, flying the white surrender flag, approached the Australian frigate, HMAS Barcoo to hand over Indian POWs they were releasing to the Allies.

Barcoo and two US PT Boats kept a rendezvous with the Japanese off the coast of Miti Island near Halmahera Island, when 153 Indian POWs were handed over. These 153 Indians were part of a group of 211 men who had been captured in Singapore. Of the original group, 44 died from various causes, 16 were beheaded by order of the Japanese camp commandant and 8 escaped and were still out in the hills.

Captain W F Burton, a British officer in the Indian Army officially received the Indians from a senior Japanese officer. The ship's company looked on in grim silence as the five Japanese barges brought the sick and starving Indians to the ship. Many suffered from beriberi, dysentry and semi-starvation. Medical staff were ready to treat the men as soon as they came on board the Allied ships.

Sergeant Walter Mailey DFM flew with 3 Squadron RAAF in the Middle East

In this interview excerpt he describes preparations for a typical mission.

[No: 2050, The Australians at War Film Archive]

Sergeant Walter Mailey DFM

Sergeant Walter Mailey DFM flew with 3 Squadron RAAF in the Middle East. In this excerpt from his interview with the Australians at War Film Archive he describes his first dog fight with an Italian aircraft.

[No: 2050, The Australians at War Film Archive]

RAAF Flying Officer Allen Cover [Archive No 1185, The Australians at War Film Archive]

Flying Officer Allen Cover was one of the 600 Australians who trained with the Empire Air Training Scheme in Rhodesia (present day Zimbabwe). After his training in Africa he was posted to Coastal Command at Inverness in Scotland to train on Catalina flying boats. In September 1942, 262 Squadron RAF was formed and Cover returned to South Africa with the squadron to patrol the Indian Ocean in Catalinas.

Not only enemy aircraft, but the weather was another enemy for aircrews, and according to Allen Cover, 262 Squadron RAF, [was] perhaps the biggest hazard that you had to contend with.

Sydney welcomes Sydney, February 1941. [AWM F01465]

HMAS Sydney comes home from the Mediterranean. [AWM F01465]

HMAS Kanimbla

Australian troops on board HMAS Kanimbla prepare to disembark in landing craft during Operation Oboe 6 landings on Brunei, 4-15 June, 1945. [AWM F07228]

Landing craft [AWM F07228]

Landing craft from HMAS Kanimbla ferry Australian troops to shore during Operation Oboe 6, Brunei, 4-15 June 1945.

Shropshire joins the RAN. [AWM F00751]

HMAS Shropshire was officially commissioned on 20 April 1943 at Chatham Dockyard in England. She first sailed through Sydney Heads on 2 October 1943.

Kamikaze attacks on the British Pacific Fleet at Okinawa, April-May, 1945.

The Australian destroyers Quickmatch and Quiberon were serving with the British fleet at the time. [AWM F03521]

Preparing for war [AWM F01909]

Hospital ship sunk [AWM F00349]

The Royal Australian Navy (excerpt) [AWM F00322]

'The RAN', a Movietone News (excerpt) [AWM F00322]

Invasion of Hollandia [AWM F01731]

On 22 April 1944 Task Force 'Reckless', assisted by aircraft of TF58 and gunfire of United States and Australian naval vessels, invaded Dutch New Guinea in an amphibious operation and began a pincers movement against the Hollandia Region from landing-points at Tanahmera and Humboldt Bays. The film shows the Tanahmera Bay landing and follows the operations inland to Lake Sentani and Hollandia Airfield. The film also includes American, German and Javanese familes and an Australian Plantation Manager, all of whom had been prisoners of the Japanese in the area. Scenes 60 to 67 show the Finschafen area, from where the invasion convoy left and aerial shots of the convoy at Sae. A portion of this convoy, 'Taskforce Persecution' was detached to land on the coast of Australian New Guinea in the Aitape area, at the same time as the Hollandia landing. 22 April 1944.

(Identified personnel: General Douglas MacArthur, Generals Eichelberger and Krueger, General Irving, Lieut. Hildrich Joseph United States 41st Divison, Colonel Lyman, General Fuller, Dr. Theodore Braum, General Byers).

Messenger dogs [AWM F07065]

Film sequences showing the training and use of messenger dogs in the forward areas occupied by the 2/27th Battalion near the Faria River in the Ramu Valley. 21 October 1943.

2/4th Field Bakery [AWM F07068]

The men of the 2/4th Field Bakery baked thousands of bread rolls each day in improvised ovens. Ramu River area, Huon Peninsula, 23 November 1943.

Fall of Sattelberg (excerpt) [AWM F01878]

Lae falls to Australians [AWM F01616]

A newsreel story of the capture of Lae by the 7th and 9th Australian Divisions. The film was made in September 1943.

Shaggy Ridge [AWM F01699]

The attack on Shaggy Ridge showing bombing and strafing by B-35 Mitchell Bombers, the troops moving along the Faria River and the actual attack on Japanese positions. The evacuation of wounded troops includes Private Eric Knight of Crows Nest, New South Wales who is shown being treated for wounds at the Regimental Aid Post. January 1944.

Salamua [AWM F01867]

Australian and US troops around Roosevelt Ridge in the Mubo-Salamua area. The film contains images of Corporal Leslie Allan, MM. August 1943.

War on the roof of New Guinea [AWM F00722]

Bulolo airfield, Wau, overlooking Salamua.

The Battle for Wau [AWM F00722]

Their recovery [AWM F02617]

POW repatriation [AWM F07436]

On 2 March 1946, 2500 Japanese, Formosan and Korean nationals – former prisoners of war and internees – embarked on the Daikai Maru. The prisoners arrived at No 1 wharf Balmain in Sydney’s inner west and were immediately taken on board after an identification check.

Major General Eric Plant and Lieutenant General Frank Berryman accompanied by Commander Knight, Royal Naval Reserve, carried out an inspection of the Daikai Maru and watched the prisoners go aboard.

Italian POWs arrive [AWM F00529]

Passing out of Officer Cadets [AWM F07122]

On 25 November 1944, Sergeant (Sgt) Lindsay Bear DCM MM, Sgt Tom Derrick VC DCM and Sgt Reg Saunders were presented with their pips at the passing out parade at the Officer Cadets’ Training Unit (OCTU) Seymour, Victoria.

Sgt Saunders was the first Indigenous Australian to be given a commission in the Australian Army.

Aborigines: Soldiers of the King

[AWM F00519]

Women's Land Army [AWM F00601]

Women's Land Army - all Australians were encouraged to contribute to the defence of Australia and films like these were made to demonstrate the ways in which Australian women could contribute to the war effort. This video encourages women to volunteer for the Australian Women's Land Army.

W.A.A.F.'S Step Out [AWM F00601]

'Victory Suit' [AWM F01641]

Mr John Dedman, Minister for War Organisation of Industry, introduces the new austerity-style 'Victory Suit' to journalists.

Saving labour and material

...a 'Complete Victory Outfit'

Army Salvage

Discarded uniforms become smart suits for emergency use

Making gold bars to aid war funds [AWM F01468]