Remembrance Day 11 November
Remembrance Day is the anniversary of the Armistice that ended fighting with Germany in World War I. People around the world observe 1 minute's silence at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month because the Armistice came into effect then. It's also a special time to pause and reflect on those who died in all wars, conflicts and operations.
How you can get involved
On Remembrance Day, we acknowledge those who have served and continue to serve our country. All Australians can:
- think about why they pause to reflect
- attend their local Remembrance Day services
- stop for 1 minute's silence
The Australian War Memorial in Canberra hosts the Remembrance Day National Ceremony. Members of the public can book free tickets to the event.
State commemorative events are held in each capital city. Many communities, councils and schools across Australia also host local events.
You can attend the Last Post Ceremony - in person or via live stream - every day at 4:55pm AEST. You'll hear the story of one of the fallen service men or women listed on the Roll of Honour. You might like to do this as part of your commemoration on Remembrance Day.
#1MS (1 Minute's Silence)
In the lead-up to Remembrance Day, Australians are encouraged to take a moment to reflect on who they will be thinking about during the minute's silence at 11am on 11 November and share it on social media using the hashtag, #1MS.
Many Australians have an ancestor or relative who has served or died in wars, conflicts and operations. It's often this personal connection that they remember.
Others who don't have a personal connection can pause in silent reflection at what war has cost Australia and the world.
Engagements involving Australians
Since World War I, Australia has been called on many times to serve in wars, conflicts, and peacekeeping and humanitarian operations.
Almost 2 million men and women have worn with pride the uniforms of the Royal Australian Navy, Australian Army and Royal Australian Air Force.
Tragically, over 102,000 names are listed on the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial. Those listed were members of the Australian armed forces who died during or as a result of war service, or for post-1945 conflicts, warlike service, non-warlike service and certain peacetime operations.
Remembrance Day is a time for Australians to unite in solemn respect and remembrance for those who served and died.
History of Remembrance Day
Remembrance Day was originally called 'Armistice Day', and 2 minutes of silence was observed for the first time at 11 am on 11 November 1919 to remember those who had died.
Prime Minister Billy Hughes said at the time:
Of their deeds it is not necessary for me to speak. Of their valour, endurance and resource at Gallipoli, Pozieres, Baupaume and other famous fields, men still speak with awe.
Hughes put our soldiers' sacrifice into perspective when he added:
Our heritage, our free institutions of government - all that we hold dear - are handed back into our keeping, stained with the blood of sacrifice. Surely not only we, their fellow citizens, but Australians throughout the ages, will treasure forever the memories of those glorious men to whom the Commonwealth owes so much, and will guard with resolute determination the privileges for which they fought and suffered.
After World War II, the Australian Government agreed to the United Kingdom's proposal to rename Armistice Day to 'Remembrance Day', to commemorate and remember those who were killed in both World Wars.
In 1918, Australia made a promise never to forget the service and sacrifice of 416,000 Australians who enlisted and over 60,000 who died. For over 100 years, we have kept this promise. We remember them still.