Glossary of terms

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a government department responsible for the command of the Royal Navy in the Kingdom of Great Britain, from 1801 to 1964, the United Kingdom and former British Empire


a military attack involving aircraft


in WW1, the powers of the Triple Entente (France, Russia and the UK) together with their allied nations; in WW2, a military coalition of the UK, US, Soviet Union and China together with their allied nations.


a period of time during which people can admit to a crime or give up weapons without being punished


to surgically cut all or part of an arm or leg because it's seriously injured or diseased


to change something so that it resembles or becomes part of the English culture or language


an inhabitant of Australia who was or whose ancestors were born in the British Isles


To seize and take control of land or another country


hostility to and prejudice against Jewish people.

Anzac spirit

the spirit of courage, endurance, and self-sacrifice thought to be typical of the Australian soldiers during the Gallipoli Campaign


the soldiers serving with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC)


an historical political system in South Africa where people were divided into racial groups and kept apart by law


an agreement between opposing governments or military forces to suspend conflict and discuss peace terms; a truce


tanks and other armoured military vehicles used in battle

armoury a place where weapons and military equipment are stored; or all the weapons and military equipment a country has
arms race

a situation in which two countries or groups of countries are continually trying to get more and better weapons than each other


a large collection of weapons and military equipment


large, powerful guns that are transported on wheels and used by an army, or the section of an army trained to use large, powerful guns - also 'artillerymen or gunners'


to murder a person as a political act


a strong attack made on an area held by the enemy


an extremely cruel act that typically involves physical violence or injury

autonomy the control or government of a country or group by itself rather than by others

helping or supporting

Axis, the

in World War II, the alliance of Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Japan